Chronic insomnia affects nearly 16% of adults and up to 25% of children.

If you’re in this group, researchers from the University of North Texas list non-drug treatment options that will prepare you for your doctor’s visit.

First, the details.

  • The authors reviewed the research in adults and children with insomnia.
  • They list treatments with the highest level of research support.

And, the results.

In adults…

  • Psychological treatment with the best research support:
    • Stimulus control
    • Progressive muscle relaxation
    • Multimodal cognitive-behavioral therapy
  • Supported by less research:
    • Multimodal behavioral therapy
    • Sleep restriction
    • Biofeedback\paradoxical intention

In children…

  • Psychological treatments with the highest level of research support:
    • Preventive parent education
    • Unmodified extinction
    • Extinction with parental presence
  • Supported by less research:
    • Graduated extinction
    • Bedtime fading/positive routines
    • Scheduled awakenings

The bottom line?

Most people have probably not heard of half of these options or recognize them only vaguely.

A review by researchers in the US and Canada published in 2006 provides descriptions and discussions of these treatment options.

10/11/10 20:56 JR

Hi, I’m JR

John Russo, Jr., PharmD, is president of The MedCom Resource, Inc. Previously, he was senior vice president of medical communications at, a complementary and alternative medicine website.