The C.A.M. Report
Complementary and Alternative Medicine: Fair, Balanced, and to the Point
  • About this web log

    This blog ran from 2006 to 2016 and was intended as an objective and dispassionate source of information on the latest CAM research. Since my background is in pharmacy and allopathic medicine, I view all CAM as advancing through the development pipeline to eventually become integrated into mainstream medical practice. Some will succeed while others fail. But all are treated fairly here.

  • About the author

    John Russo, Jr., PharmD, is president of The MedCom Resource, Inc. Previously, he was senior vice president of medical communications at, a complementary and alternative medicine website.

  • Common sense considerations

    The material on this weblog is for informational purposes. It is not medical advice or counsel. Be smart, consult your health professional before using CAM.

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    Effects of chocolate on blood pressure and heart disease

    Researchers at the German Institute of Human Nutrition, in Nuthetal, tell us chocolate appears to lower the risk of cardiovascular disease.

    First, the details.

    • Dietary intake (including chocolate) and blood pressure were assessed in 19,357 adults who were free of a heart attack and stroke and not using blood pressure medicine.
    • The risk of cardiovascular disease (diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels) was recorded over 8 years.

    And, the results.

    • Average systolic and diastolic blood pressure was 1.0 and 0.9 mmHg lower, respectively, in the those with the highest vs lowest 25% of chocolate consumption.
    • The relative risk of having a heart attack and stroke for was significantly lessin the high chocolate consumption group.

    The bottom line?

    Chocolate consumption appears to lower cardiovascular risk in part through reducing blood pressure.

    For what it’s worth, the authors tell us the greatest benefit was for a lower risk of stroke.

    More on this topic is discussed here.

    And a recent review of the evidence is here.

    4/1/10 20:57 JR, updated 10/15/10 19:51 JR

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