The C.A.M. Report
Complementary and Alternative Medicine: Fair, Balanced, and to the Point
  • About this web log

    This blog ran from 2006 to 2016 and was intended as an objective and dispassionate source of information on the latest CAM research. Since my background is in pharmacy and allopathic medicine, I view all CAM as advancing through the development pipeline to eventually become integrated into mainstream medical practice. Some will succeed while others fail. But all are treated fairly here.

  • About the author

    John Russo, Jr., PharmD, is president of The MedCom Resource, Inc. Previously, he was senior vice president of medical communications at, a complementary and alternative medicine website.

  • Common sense considerations

    The material on this weblog is for informational purposes. It is not medical advice or counsel. Be smart, consult your health professional before using CAM.

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  • Recent Comments

    Effectiveness of patient education on pain and anxiety

    Researchers at The University of Hong Kong, in China, studied the effectiveness of pain management education in people with musculoskeletal trauma that required orthopedic surgery.

    First, the details.

    • 125 patients were assigned to a treatment group.
      • 30-minute educational program about pain, coping strategies and breathing relaxation exercises
      • A control group
    • Changes in pain, anxiety, self-efficacy (belief in one’s ability to achieve an outcome), analgesic use, and length of hospital stay were measured before surgery and at intervals up to 3 months after surgery.

    And, the results.

    • The education group reported significantly less pain and anxiety, and better self-efficacy during hospitalization (day 7) vs the control group.
    • Those in the education group requested more pain medication on hospital day 2 only.
    • Length of stay didn’t differ between the groups.
    • After 3-months, reduced anxiety significantly favored the education group.

    The bottom line?

    The authors concluded, “Patients may benefit from this educational intervention in terms of relieving pain, anxiety and improving self-efficacy; and the educational intervention could be incorporated as part of routine care to prepare musculoskeletal trauma patients for surgery.”

    The focus of the education is important. The International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP) tells us, “Pain research, education, and care are… intertwined with attitudes and ethics to a degree nearly unique among biomedical fields.”

    The IASP continues, “Given pain’s moral dimension, pain-related educational tools that merely convey factual information often fall flat… We are now just beginning to understand the mechanisms through which social and cultural influences shape unconscious perceptions and attitudes toward people in pain.”

    8/9/10 20:43 JR

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