The C.A.M. Report
Complementary and Alternative Medicine: Fair, Balanced, and to the Point
  • About this web log

    This blog ran from 2006 to 2016 and was intended as an objective and dispassionate source of information on the latest CAM research. Since my background is in pharmacy and allopathic medicine, I view all CAM as advancing through the development pipeline to eventually become integrated into mainstream medical practice. Some will succeed while others fail. But all are treated fairly here.

  • About the author

    John Russo, Jr., PharmD, is president of The MedCom Resource, Inc. Previously, he was senior vice president of medical communications at, a complementary and alternative medicine website.

  • Common sense considerations

    The material on this weblog is for informational purposes. It is not medical advice or counsel. Be smart, consult your health professional before using CAM.

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    Effect of eating frequency on adiposity

    Researchers at the University of California, in Berkeley, studied girls, 9 to 20 years old.

    First, the details.

    • Data from 3-day diet records were collected from 2372 girls ages 9–10 to 19–20 years.
    • Meal, snack, and total eating frequencies over the first 2 study years were examined in relation to the 10-year change in BMI and waist circumference.

    And, the results.

    • Eating frequency was significantly lower in black and older girls vs white and younger girls.
    • In whites…
      • Lower snack and total eating frequencies were significantly related to increases in BMI and waist circumference.
    • In blacks…
      • Lower meal and snack frequencies were related to significantly greater increases in BMI and waist circumference.
      • Lower total eating frequency was related to significantly greater increases in waist circumference.
    • Total eating frequency remained significantly related to greater 10-year increases in BMI after adjusting for potentially confounding factors: baseline adiposity, race, parental education, physical activity, television and video viewing, total energy intake, and dieting for weight loss.

    The bottom line?

    The authors concluded, “A lower eating frequency predicts a greater gain in adiposity in adolescent females.”

    Interesting but others have made similar observations. For example…

    • Researchers at the University of Massachusetts Medical School, in Worcester, reported, “Skipping breakfast was associated with increased prevalence of obesity.”
    • Researchers at Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, reported, “A protective effect of an increased daily meal frequency on obesity in children… appeared to be independent of other risk factors for childhood obesity.

    1/23/12 20:27 JR

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