FatigueMindfulnessPainRheumatoid Diseases

Contribution of mindfulness in rheumatic joint disease

Researchers at Diakonhjemmet Hospital, in Oslo, Norway, evaluated the effects of a mindfulness-based group training in adults with inflammatory rheumatic joint diseases.

First, the details.

  • 73 participants were randomly assigned to a Vitality Training Programme (VTP) treatment group.
    • A 10-session mindfulness-based group intervention including a booster session after 6 months
    • A control group received routine care plus a CD for voluntary use with mindfulness-based exercises
  • VTP is a 10-session group-learning program to help patients become more aware of their internal and external resources in order to cope with their current life situation.
  • Psychological distress was measured using the General Health Questionnaire-20 — a screening device for minor psychiatric disorder was.
  • Self-efficacy (pain and symptoms) and emotion-focused coping (emotional processing and expression) were also reported.
  • Pain, fatigue, patient global disease activity, self-care ability and well-being were recorded at a 12-month follow-up.

And, the results.

  • Treatment significantly favored the VTP group and were maintained at 12 months for the following outcomes:
    • Psychological distress
    • Self-efficacy pain
    • Symptoms
    • Emotional processing
    • Fatigue
    • Self-care ability
    • Overall well-being
  • No significant differences were found in emotional expression, pain, or disease activity.

The bottom line?

The authors concluded, “People with long-term painful conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis may benefit from therapy helping them to deal with their symptoms.”

12/23/11 21:33 JR

Hi, I’m JR

John Russo, Jr., PharmD, is president of The MedCom Resource, Inc. Previously, he was senior vice president of medical communications at www.Vicus.com, a complementary and alternative medicine website.