Data in 3088 older men and women (average age: 75 years) from the Cardiovascular Health Study were followed in real time.
After controlling for the potential confounding effects of age, gender, race, clinic site, body mass index, alcohol intake, smoking, physical activity, LDL (bad) cholesterol, and linoleic acid, long-chain omega-3 fatty acids and alpha-linolenic acid were not associated with a higher incidence of diabetes.
Individuals with the highest concentrations of both types of fatty acids had lower risk of diabetes.
The bottom line?
Based on these results, higher intake of omega-3 fatty acids is associated with a lower risk of diabetes.
Others here and here have reported the benefits of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in people with diabetes.
John Russo, Jr., PharmD, is president of The MedCom Resource, Inc. Previously, he was senior vice president of medical communications at www.Vicus.com, a complementary and alternative medicine website.