The C.A.M. Report
Complementary and Alternative Medicine: Fair, Balanced, and to the Point
  • About this web log

    This blog ran from 2006 to 2016 and was intended as an objective and dispassionate source of information on the latest CAM research. Since my background is in pharmacy and allopathic medicine, I view all CAM as advancing through the development pipeline to eventually become integrated into mainstream medical practice. Some will succeed while others fail. But all are treated fairly here.

  • About the author

    John Russo, Jr., PharmD, is president of The MedCom Resource, Inc. Previously, he was senior vice president of medical communications at, a complementary and alternative medicine website.

  • Common sense considerations

    The material on this weblog is for informational purposes. It is not medical advice or counsel. Be smart, consult your health professional before using CAM.

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    Herbal alternative to control intestinal spasm

    Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is used to diagnose and treat conditions of the bile ducts, including gallstones, inflammatory strictures (scars), leaks (from trauma and surgery), and cancer.

    Researchers from Chiba University in Japan used shakuyaku-kanzo-to (TJ-68) to suppress spasms of the small intestine during ERCP procedures.

    In Chinese and Japanese herbal medicine, shakuyaku-kanzo-to, which contains white peony (Paeonia officinalis) root and licorice root. The roots and flowers of P officinalis are used in European herbal medicine, although the German Commission E does not approve this plant for medicinal use.

    First, the details.

    • 50 patients with duodenal (intestinal) spasm participated in this study.
    • 5 grams of TJ-68 (manufactured by the Tsumura Co, Tokyo) was dissolved in saline and sprayed slowly onto the duodenal papilla (where the bile ducts enter the small intestine; see photo).
    • The times until the spasm was suppressed and then recurred were recorded.

    And, the results.

    • 76% of the patients experienced suppression of duodenal spasm.
    • The onset of effect averaged about 2 minutes, ranging from 50 to 182 seconds.
    • The duration of antispasmodic effect was about 10 minutes, ranging from 7 to 21 minutes.

    The bottom line?
    The authors concluded, “Direct spraying of TJ-68 on the duodenal mucosa suppressed duodenal spasm, and it may be useful during ERCP when anticholinergic agents are contraindicated.”

    12/8/08 18:46 JR

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