Diet and cancer prevention: What we know

The European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) is designed to investigate the relationship between diet and cancer. It’s a multicenter study of more than 500,000 adults in 23 centers from 10 European countries.

Here’s what we now know.

  • Eating more fruit lowers the risk of lung cancer but probably not prostate or breast cancer.
  • Eating veggies (mainly onion and garlic) probably reduces the risk of the intestinal stomach cancer but probably is not associated with lung, prostate, or breast cancer.
  • Eating red and processed meat increases the risk of colorectal cancer and with non-cardia stomach cancer in those infected by Helicobacter pylori.
  • Eating more fish reduces the risk of colorectal cancer.
  • High alcohol intake increases the risk of breast cancer.

More associations and explanations of findings from EPIC can be found here.

5/4/07 22:36 JR

Hi, I’m JR

John Russo, Jr., PharmD, is president of The MedCom Resource, Inc. Previously, he was senior vice president of medical communications at, a complementary and alternative medicine website.