Adding micronutrients to milk reduces diarrhea and respiratory illness in children

A study in northern India shows that milk fortified with specific micronutrients lowers the risk of diarrhea and acute lower respiratory illness in children.

Here’s a list of what was added to the milk.

  • Zinc 7.8 mg
  • Iron 9.6 mg
  • Selenium 4.2 meg
  • Copper 0.27 mg
  • Vitamin A 156 mcg
  • Vitamin C 40.2 mg
  • Vitamin E 7.5 mg

The study included more than 600 children aged 1 to 3 years. About half drank enough of the fortified milk each day to get these amounts of nutrients, while the others drank regular milk.

The researchers concluded, “Milk is well accepted as a means of delivery of micronutrients.” The greatest benefits were seen among preschool children who were 2 years old or younger.

The research was a collaborative effort between Johns Hopkins School of Public Health in Baltimore and Annamalai University in India.

11/30/06 10:12 JR

Hi, I’m JR

John Russo, Jr., PharmD, is president of The MedCom Resource, Inc. Previously, he was senior vice president of medical communications at, a complementary and alternative medicine website.