The C.A.M. Report
Complementary and Alternative Medicine: Fair, Balanced, and to the Point
  • About this web log

    This blog ran from 2006 to 2016 and was intended as an objective and dispassionate source of information on the latest CAM research. Since my background is in pharmacy and allopathic medicine, I view all CAM as advancing through the development pipeline to eventually become integrated into mainstream medical practice. Some will succeed while others fail. But all are treated fairly here.

  • About the author

    John Russo, Jr., PharmD, is president of The MedCom Resource, Inc. Previously, he was senior vice president of medical communications at, a complementary and alternative medicine website.

  • Common sense considerations

    The material on this weblog is for informational purposes. It is not medical advice or counsel. Be smart, consult your health professional before using CAM.

  • Recent Posts

  • Recent Comments

    How does honey kill bacteria?

    In a previous post, the use of honey to treat wounds was discussed. Here is a good review of the antibacterial effects of honey.

    Key points

    • Antimicrobial activity is due to more than the osmotic effect of the sugar content
    • The low level of hydrogen peroxide in honey is effective as an antimicrobial agent
    • At least some honey sources also have antibacterial activity not related to peroxide
    • Honey causes increased lymphocyte (white blood cell) and phagocytic (killing) activity
    • Allergic reactions are rare

    In another study, 30% to 100% honey concentrations inhibited a wide variety of bacteria. The most sensitive bacteria were Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Haemophilus influenzae. Fungi are less sensitive to honey than bacteria.

    7/31/06 15:15 JR

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