The C.A.M. Report
Complementary and Alternative Medicine: Fair, Balanced, and to the Point
  • About this web log

    This blog ran from 2006 to 2016 and was intended as an objective and dispassionate source of information on the latest CAM research. Since my background is in pharmacy and allopathic medicine, I view all CAM as advancing through the development pipeline to eventually become integrated into mainstream medical practice. Some will succeed while others fail. But all are treated fairly here.

  • About the author

    John Russo, Jr., PharmD, is president of The MedCom Resource, Inc. Previously, he was senior vice president of medical communications at, a complementary and alternative medicine website.

  • Common sense considerations

    The material on this weblog is for informational purposes. It is not medical advice or counsel. Be smart, consult your health professional before using CAM.

  • Recent Posts

  • Recent Comments

    Does music benefit patients on a respirator?

    This Cochrane review examined the effects of music on anxiety and physiological responses in mechanically ventilated patients.

    First, the details.

    • 8 studies of 213 participants were included in the review.
      • 7 studies did not include a trained music therapist.
    • Music listening was the main treatment used.
    • Most studies examined the effects of listening to pre-recorded music.

    And, the results.

    • Results indicate that music listening may reduce anxiety in mechanically ventilated patients.
    • Listening to music consistently reduced heart rate and respiratory rate, suggesting a relaxation response.
    • No strong evidence was found for blood pressure reduction.
    • Music listening did not improve oxygen saturation level — an indicator of the percentage of hemoglobin saturated with oxygen
    • No studies examined the effects of music on quality of life, patient satisfaction, post-discharge outcomes, mortality, or cost-effectiveness.

    The bottom line?

    The authors concluded, “Music listening may have a beneficial effect on heart rate, respiratory rate, and anxiety in mechanically ventilated patients. However, the quality of the evidence is not strong.”

    The results should be interpreted with caution due to the small number of patients studied. In addition, the authors recommend; “more research… on the effects of music offered by a trained music therapist.”

    12/13/10 20:58 JR

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