Researchers from the Cleveland Clinic, in Ohio have reviewed what we know about the effects of omega-3 fatty acids on triglyceride levels and in preventing arrhythmias, reducing inflammation, inhibiting platelet aggregation, and lowering blood pressure.
Here are the highlights.
The American Heart Association recommends that healthy people consume fatty fish at least twice a week.
People with coronary artery disease should take 1 gram of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) per day.
A formulation of EPA + DHA is available by prescription and approved to treat triglyceridemia in excess of 500 mg/dL — the dose is 2 to 4 capsules per day.
Experts generally believe that omega-3 fatty acids reduce arrhythmic events.
But, we lack clear evidence of their clinical effectiveness.
Overall, omega-3 fatty acids have minimal side effects.
Reviewers from South University in Savannah, Georgia have also contributed a review article.
John Russo, Jr., PharmD, is president of The MedCom Resource, Inc. Previously, he was senior vice president of medical communications at www.Vicus.com, a complementary and alternative medicine website.