The C.A.M. Report
Complementary and Alternative Medicine: Fair, Balanced, and to the Point
  • About this web log

    This blog ran from 2006 to 2016 and was intended as an objective and dispassionate source of information on the latest CAM research. Since my background is in pharmacy and allopathic medicine, I view all CAM as advancing through the development pipeline to eventually become integrated into mainstream medical practice. Some will succeed while others fail. But all are treated fairly here.

  • About the author

    John Russo, Jr., PharmD, is president of The MedCom Resource, Inc. Previously, he was senior vice president of medical communications at, a complementary and alternative medicine website.

  • Common sense considerations

    The material on this weblog is for informational purposes. It is not medical advice or counsel. Be smart, consult your health professional before using CAM.

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    Music during colonoscopy

     Researchers from the University of Missouri School of Medicine in Columbia reviewed the evidence.

    First, the details.

    • 8 studies in adults comparing music to no music during colonoscopy were included.
    • The data were combined and a meta-analysis was conducted for the following:
      • Total procedure time
      • Dose of sedative (midazolam [Versed] and meperidine [Demerol])
      • Pain scores
      • Experience and willingness to repeat the same procedure in the future

    And, the results.

    • Overall experience was significantly improved with music.
    • There were no differences in pain scores, doses of midazolam or meperidine, procedure times, and willingness to repeat the same procedure in future.

    The bottom line?
    The authors concluded, “Music improves patients’ overall experience with colonoscopy.” But all procedure-related differences reported here were unaffected by music.

    The significant improvement in overall experience might be due to reduced anxiety as supported by the results of 3 earlier studies (here, here, and here).

    2/12/09 19:04 JR

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