The C.A.M. Report
Complementary and Alternative Medicine: Fair, Balanced, and to the Point
  • About this web log

    This blog ran from 2006 to 2016 and was intended as an objective and dispassionate source of information on the latest CAM research. Since my background is in pharmacy and allopathic medicine, I view all CAM as advancing through the development pipeline to eventually become integrated into mainstream medical practice. Some will succeed while others fail. But all are treated fairly here.

  • About the author

    John Russo, Jr., PharmD, is president of The MedCom Resource, Inc. Previously, he was senior vice president of medical communications at, a complementary and alternative medicine website.

  • Common sense considerations

    The material on this weblog is for informational purposes. It is not medical advice or counsel. Be smart, consult your health professional before using CAM.

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  • Recent Comments

    The benefits of probiotics in endurance athletes

    If an elite athlete takes something that enhances the immune system, does that make it a performance enhancement drug?

    First, the details.

    • 20 healthy male distance runners received 2 treatments in random order over 4 months of winter training.
      • Lactobacillus fermentum VRI-003 (PCC) given daily
      • Placebo capsules
    • Neither the athletes nor researchers knew the treatment given (blinded).

    And, the results.

    • The runners had fewer than half the number of days of respiratory symptoms during Lactobacillus treatment (30 days) vs placebo (72 days).
    • Illness severity was also significantly lower during Lactobacillus treatment.
    • There were no significant differences in immunoglobulin or in interleukin levels between treatments.
    • However, Lactobacillus treatment elicited a significant twofold increase in interferon gamma vs placebo.
    • There were no substantial changes in running performance.

    The bottom line?
    The reduction in the number of days and severity of respiratory symptoms in this group of athletes might be in response to the higher interferon levels, concluded the authors.

    More benefits from probiotics in marathon runners can be found here.

    2/18/08 21:04 JR

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