The C.A.M. Report
Complementary and Alternative Medicine: Fair, Balanced, and to the Point
  • About this web log

    This blog is intended as an objective and dispassionate source of information on the latest CAM research. Since my background is in pharmacy and allopathic medicine, I view all CAM as advancing through the development pipeline to eventually become integrated into mainstream medical practice. Some will succeed while others fail. But all are treated fairly here.

  • About the author

    John Russo, Jr., PharmD, is president of The MedCom Resource, Inc. Previously, he was senior vice president of medical communications at www.Vicus.com, a complementary and alternative medicine website.

  • Common sense considerations

    The material on this weblog is for informational purposes. It is not medical advice or counsel. Be smart, consult your health professional before using CAM.

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  • Recent Comments

    Vitamin A supplements prevent morbidity and mortality in children

    Vitamin A deficiency is a major public health problem in low and middle income countries and can lead to many adverse health consequences, including death.

    This Cochrane review evaluated the effect of vitamin A supplementation in children aged 6 months to 5 years.

    First, the details.

    • 43 studies involving 215,633 children were included.
    • A meta-analysis included data from 17 studies of 194,795 children with 3536 deaths.

    And, the results.

    • There was a 24% reduction in the risk of dying due to any cause for Vitamin A compared with the control group.
    • Viitamin A supplementation was associated with a 28% reduction in death due to diarrhea.
    • Vitamin A supplementation had no effect on death due to measles, respiratory disease, or meningitis.
    • Vitamin A supplementation reduced the incidence of diarrhea and death from measles
    • However, there was no significant effect on incidence of respiratory disease or hospitalizations due to diarrhea or pneumonia.
    • There was an increased risk of vomiting within the first 48 hours of vitamin A supplementation.

    The bottom line?

    The authors concluded, “Vitamin A supplementation is effective in reducing all-cause mortality by about 24% compared to no treatment.”

    They would like to see further studies designed to fine-tune doses and delivery mechanisms.

    The World Health Organization tells us, “Vitamin A deficiency is a public health problem in more than half of all countries, especially in Africa and South-East Asia, hitting hardest young children and pregnant women in low-income countries.”

    12/11/10 17:44 JR

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